Tuesday, June 6, 2017

101 Patent Application Time Line ... some points to consider


Image result for Patent Timeline







Israel is the StartUp Nation and most startups make sure to file at least one patent application on their ideas. Given the many things an innovator has to do during the first years of a startup, when is the right time to file a patent application?

Many people want to catch the earliest date possible. This makes sense since one needs to be the “first to file” to win the patent over others who come up with the same idea.

The problem with rushing to the patent office is that there is a requirement to provide an “enabling disclosure” of how to implement the invention. Very few inventors know how to make their invention when they first have the idea. Often, an inventor has to build a prototype of some kind or generate a design specification in order to finalize the design.

But many startup founders fear that, in the meantime, someone may come up with the same idea and file a patent application first. This may be true, but if they don’t have the enabling disclosure, they can’t get a patent. It is not sufficient to have an idea; you have to know how to implement it.

There is another issue here as well, one most inventors don’t consider. Once a patent application is filed in one country, it starts the clock for a family of patent applications around the world. According to the Paris Convention, once a first patent application has been filed in a first country, “second” applications in other countries can be filed within 12 months from that first filing. These second applications will be based on, and take “priority” from, the first application. Otherwise, without that priority connection, the first application could be cited against the later, second applications.

Many inventors don’t have enough money to file in many countries at the 1 year point. Many of them take advantage of the PCT (Patent Cooperation Treaty) to gain another 18 months before having to file abroad. The PCT was created in the 1970s to help solve the problem of the lack of budget at the 1 year point. It is known as the “international patent application” and provides the same filing date for all countries signed on the treaty. Thus, if you file in the PCT on Jan 1 2017, it is as if you filed in all the countries of the PCT on Jan 1 2017.

Note that both the Paris Convention and the PCT set their deadlines according to the priority date of the first application. Thus, the timeline for actions, as well as the budget, is set by that very first filing.

The expiration date of a patent in a given country is also set by the filing date. It defined as 20 years from the filing date in that country. For some inventions, like those in fast-changing fields, such as software, 20 years is significantly longer than the life expectancy of the product.

But for other products, such as many consumer products, the product will still be sold 20 years later. And for still other products, such as pharmaceuticals, 20 years is too short. A pharmaceutical product takes 10 - 15 years from invention until the product is cleared to be sold to the general public and is still a viable product for many years after that.


Thus, depending on the type of product, I will consider the expiration date vs. when to file the application.

I will also consider WHERE to file the application, in order to optimize the expiration dates. This is because the expiration date of the first application is about 1 year before the expiration date of the second applications (those filed according to the Paris Convention as well as those filed in the PCT). Thus, the second applications expire about 1 year AFTER the priority application expires.

This fact disturbed the US pharmaceutical companies for whom each extra day at the end of the 20 years is worth a fortune. They invented the “provisional” patent application in order to shift the relevant filing date 1 year later. The provisional patent application lives for 1 year, after which the applicant needs to file a “utility” application based on the provisional application. The 20 years is calculated from the utility’s filing date.

Thus, for consumer products, pharmaceuticals and other long-lived products, we advise the applicant to file a US provisional patent application first, to gain the extra year of protection in the US and to align the expiration dates of the entire patent family.

As you can see, the timing of important milestones in the life of a patent family are defined by the filing date. Choosing a timing based on your objectives is an important part of your patent strategy
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Monday, May 29, 2017

1001 GIF Guide for Social Media Marketers


A ferris wheel. An Olympic athlete. Your content. Some things are just better in motion. Words and photos are great for telling stories but it’s sometimes difficult to find exactly the right ones to convey your message. On the other hand, video requires a certain kind of commitment from both the content creator and the audience. Enter: the GIF.
The GIF is able to convey emotion and information in a quick and entertaining way that many other mediums can’t. But using GIFs can be somewhat of an art. Nailing the perfect tone, image, and timing of a GIF can be a tricky process, where a misstep could affect your brand’s reputation. To ensure you make the most of GIFs in your social media strategy, we’ve created the following GIF guide
The GIF guide for social media marketers

What are GIFs?

If you enjoy having meaningless debates with coworkers, ask whether it’s pronounced with a soft ‘g’ like jifs, or with a hard ‘g’ like gift. Whichever way you say it, GIF is an acronym for Graphics Interchange Format, which refers to a file format that supports both static and animated images. GIFs allow you to present a short video clip in a far more condensed image format, and without sound. In other words, they’re quick, soundless videos that loop and don’t require a play button.
GIFs are so widely-used that the word “GIF” was named the 2012 Oxford Dictionary Word of the Year. However, the GIF isn’t exactly a brand new phenomenon. In 2017, the GIF will celebrate its 30th anniversary. Katherine Martin, Head of the U.S. Dictionaries Program at Oxford University Press explains how during this time, “The GIF has evolved from a medium for pop-cultural memes into a tool with serious applications including research and journalism, and its lexical identity is transforming to keep pace.”
How to explain GIFs to anyone under 35: “They’re like the moving pictures in Harry Potter newspapers.”
How to explain GIFs to your grandparents: Don’t bother, they probably don’t care about GIFs. Ask them about a time before GIFs. Then, appreciate GIFs even more.

Why you should use GIFs

The entertainment value of GIFs is obvious, but the business value might be a bit more difficult to see. But the potential and possibilities for GIFs are limited only by your own imagination. You should consider adding GIFs to your social media strategy because:
  • GIFs show that you’re paying attention to internet trends
  • GIFs show that you and your brand have a fun side
  • GIFs can add more context to a shorter message, post, or Tweet
  • GIFs get your message across in a shorter amount of time
  • GIFs are easily shareable
  • GIFs convey emotions better than text or photos alone
And perhaps most importantly, they work. The following GIF helped us earn over 80 Retweets, over 80 likes, and 760 link clicks. The use of GIFs has really boosted the performance of a number of our Tweets.

Now that you know some of the key reasons to incorporate GIFs into your social media strategy, you’re probably wondering where you can actually find some quality GIFs.

Where to find GIFs

The title here could actually be ‘where NOT to find GIFs,’ as the internet is just crawling with these animated delights. But not all GIFs are created equal and you could spend hours sifting through sources in order to find something you can actually use.
To save you time, check out the following sites for GIFs you wouldn’t be embarrassed to use in your social media content.

Giphy

Giphy is my go-to GIF resource, and for good reason. Giphy is the world’s largest library of animated GIFs, so if you’re looking for something there’s almost a guarantee that you’ll be able to find it there. Just type in a keyword such as the emotion you want to convey (i.e. excitement) or what you want to be in your GIF (i.e. dog) and you’ll quickly get a list of relevant results.

Gifbin.com

Gifbin.com is another GIF library, but with a few features that make it a stand out. If you are lacking inspiration for posts or just don’t know what kind of content to post today, use Gifbin.com’s Random GIF generator to spark some creativity. While you might have to click the button a few times to get a GIF that makes sense, you never know what kind of theme or message you’ll think of as Gifbin.com works its magic.

Reddit (/r/gifs)

Reddit is a website that lets users upvote the good stuff and downvote the bad. And the GIF-specific subreddit has turned it into one of the best collections.
These are great resources for finding already-made GIFs, but sometimes the situation calls for a completely customized solution. This is when knowing how to create your own GIFs will come in handy.

How to create your own GIFs

Creating your own GIFs is a surefire way to show off your brand’s creativity and personality. You can easily make your own GIFs by uploading your own images and videos to any of the following online tools:
If you’re an enterprising individual, you can also make your own GIFs within Photoshop. Open up your video file in Photoshop, use the timeline tool to crop to the length you want, and select “Save for Web”. Don’t forget to set ‘looping’ to ‘forever,’ to ensure that you don’t end up with a sad single loop animation. If that seems confusing, there are countless YouTube tutorials to walk you through the process.

Boomerang

Instagram’s Boomerang also offers a fun way to make something close to a custom GIF using your very own mobile phone camera. Boomerang takes a short burst of photos, combines, and reverses them to create a looping clip that you can share instantly.
Giphy Cam provides a mobile option for creating GIFs on the go. The app allows you to record a GIF, add filters, effects, and text, and then share or save your GIF.

Tips and tricks for using GIFs

How to use GIFs on Twitter

Twitter launched an integrated GIF library in 2016 in partnership with GIF resources Giphy and Tenor (previously Riffsy). As Twitter explains, “Whenever you’re composing a Tweet or Direct Message, you can search and browse the GIF library. So if you’re looking for the perfect cat yawn or dance move to express exactly how you feel, just click the new GIF button. You can search by keyword, or browse categories of different reactions like Happy Dance, Mic Drop, or YOLO.”
To access this feature, simply click on the GIF icon when composing a Tweet. You can choose from one of the categories provided, or search for something specific.
Screen Shot 2016-08-08 at 3.34.20 PM
If you need more detail on how to add GIFs to your Twitter content, check out Twitter’s thorough instructional resource on posting photos and GIFs.
Now that adding GIFs to your Tweets is so easy, you need to think about how you will be using them in your strategy. One of the top places GIFs are used for a business purpose, is through a classic Twitter back-and-forth. Instead of using words alone, use a GIF to truly evoke the emotion you’re trying to communicate. This brings a dose of fun and entertainment to your timeline, and helps not only to keep your audience engaged, but your brand from looking too serious.
In addition to this classic use of GIFs, Twitter suggests using them in the following business scenarios.

Create animated posters for sales or events

If you’ve ever wished you could create a moving advertisement without investing in a video ad, this is your chance. If done right, a GIF can share much more information than 140-characters can and, as Twitter explains, “they can also act as a highly shareable information piece followers can Retweet.”

Feature your products

While most people won’t want to watch a full minute-long video of your product, a GIF will fit into most busy schedules. Share a GIF highlighting the features of your product, or short snippets of how to use it (if applicable).

Visualize your data

Static charts and data visualizations are great, but you can elevate your content and make things much more interesting for your audience by making GIFs to show off data.

How to use GIFs on Facebook

While Facebook didn’t always support the use of GIFs, recent updates have made GIF sharing easy on the network. To share a GIF on your Timeline, simply copy and paste the link to the GIF. Wait for the preview to appear, and then post away!
For example, to share a GIF from Giphy, the site provides the following instructions:
“If you share a Giphy link (i.e. http://gph.is/1aljRyd) on Facebook, the GIF will play in the newsfeed, the profile page, the permalink of the post, embeds of the post, and as comments!”
If you’re a business looking to use a GIF to boost a post, you’re in luck. Follow the same steps as mentioned above, and then click on “Boost Post.” For best results with your GIFs, Facebook recommends that you:
  • Choose high quality images or animations
  • Use a link ending with .gif
  • Use a GIF with a file size less than 8MB
  • Use a GIF with less than 20 percent text on the image
  • Avoid GIFs that flash or are grainy, as your boosted post may not be approved
Now that you know the logistics of using GIFs on Facebook, there are a few different ways you can use them in your social media strategy.

Show behind the scenes

The majority of Facebook users prefer a silent timeline, so sharing some behind the scenes footage in a quick and soundless format such as a GIF is a great way to showcase your brand in an easily consumable way. Feature your employees, offices, or other behind the scenes events such as photo shoots to give your audience a glimpse into who or what makes your brand unique.

Feature your products

Just like on Twitter, you can use Facebook to feature GIFs of your products or services in action. Make custom GIFs showcasing your products to show them in a new (and animated) light.

Share relevant instructional content

The short and easily-digestible nature of GIFs makes it easier to hold your audience’s’ attention. Add value to your followers’ Timelines by sharing how-to and instructional GIFs that are relevant to your brand. For example, if you’re a beauty company you could create a GIF tutorial “3 steps to an effortless cat-eye.” Exercise that creativity, and think about what kind of instructional content you could share in GIF format.

How NOT to use GIFs

Now that you have some idea of how to use GIFs, you need to know how not to use them. When the GIF experts at Giphy joined us for a #HootChat, they shared some guidance on what to avoid when using GIFs. Here are some of the major “don’ts” according to GIPHY:

Don’t post GIFs out of context

Make sure you are 100 percent certain that the GIF you are using is not only relevant, but that you know where it comes from. Context is key, and so many GIFs have meaning that is rooted in the source, whether that be a movie, music video, or news clip.

Don’t be too casual

Trying to be cool is probably the most uncool thing on the planet. As the Giphy team explains, “It’s like reciting movie quotes. When someone uses the perfect GIF, it’s entertaining, [but] when a brand gets too meme-y or ‘hip with the kids,’ it’s time to get off the internet.”

Don’t post overly branded GIFs

The beauty of GIFs is in their brand-less nature. Don’t ruin this by trying to smother your GIF in logos or trademarks. Content marketing is about not hitting your audience over the head with the fact that they’re seeing branded content, so try your best to limit any blatant sales pitches. Instead, “skip the over-done branding in favor of a mini logo in the corner, some subtle product placement, or no official branding at all.”
GIFs are one of the easiest ways to bring your content to life. Use them for everything from conveying emotion to showcasing your product and you’ll be on your way to mastering the art of the perfect GIF in a jiffy.

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

1001 How to Get Clicks Without Resorting to Clickbait: 5 Easy Tactics

Image result for How to Get Clicks Without Resorting to Clickbait: 5 Easy Tactics

In this zany internet age, we’ve become more selective about how we spend our time on the world wide web. With zillions of internet articles to read on everything from politics to polar bears and limited time to devote to said reading, many people have become less willing to waste time searching for substance.
While a catchy headline like, “Read this article to discover the true meaning of life,” might grab your audience’s attention (who hasn’t longed for an internet article to tell them the true meaning of life?), if a few lines of reading doesn’t fulfill the promise of the headline, the reader will feel duped and be less keen to return to your website again.
And that, dear content marketer, is why you should avoid using clickbait headlines on your website and social media posts.
Many platforms have caught onto the fallacy of clickbait and developed systems to demote that kind of content. To better serve their users, Facebook now uses a system that detects clickbait headlines and reduces distribution of posts from Pages and web domains that consistently use them.
So how do you entice your audience to read your content without making false promises? Here are a few tips to help you get clicks without resorting to clickbait.

5 tips for writing clickable headlines that aren’t clickbait

1. Set realistic expectations

These days people don’t want to be strung along. The first few times your audience falls for the clickbait trap are exciting, but eventually you lose their trust and they stop clicking. Your desperate attempts to inspire curiosity and wonder will wear off if you continuously fail to meet expectations.
When the reader clicks on “These 45 Stunning Photos of Pruning Shears Will Make You Cry” and doesn’t shed a single tear, he’s going to feel like a fool.
If you’re going to describe the pruning shears as “stunning” and prepare your audience to cry, those better be some truly fantastic garden tools. Otherwise it’s best to cut the razzle dazzle and just be honest with your audience.
Facebook suggests that instead of relying on misleading headlines to intrigue the reader, share articles with accurate headlines that don’t exaggerate the topic. If your content is about boring, but incredibly functional pruning shears, then own it. Your audience of pruning shear consumers will thank you for giving them the straight facts.
That way when the reader clicks on “The 12 Greatest Garden Pruners for Small Hands” and your content lives up to the headline, she’ll know you’re a brand with integrity.

2. Make a list

When your audience is scrolling through an endless stream of headlines, what can you do to make your content stand out without manipulating them emotionally or withholding information? Organize your content into a list.
Research has shown that human brains love lists. Lists help create an easier reading and thinking experience. Lists help quantify the length of the story while preparing your audience for how much attention they’ll need to pay to the reading. In a world of infinite choices, list-style headlines can be a relief from the burden of decision. Numbered lists help us organize information spatially and enjoy a feeling of accomplishment when we successfully finish reading the article.
If you set out to learn about the “7 Most Important Moments in Icelandic History” and by the end of the article you know all seven, that’s a good feeling and you’re likely to click numbered list-style articles again. Especially odd numbered lists.

3. Evoke emotion

Creating an emotional connection with your audience is essential. Again, that doesn’t mean promising extreme sentimental feelings in exchange for making contact with your content. It just means identifying the emotions that matter most to your audience and using them in your language. Rage may not work so well for someone trying to sell fleece pajamas, but may work great for a marketer promoting an energy drink.
What works isn’t always so obvious. For example, one study on emotional marketing found that consumers in the finance and insurance sector respond better to intimacy than to safety and to anxiety over exclusivity. Consumers in the retail market had the opposite response. They were more likely to engage with safety over intimacy and exclusivity over anxiety. What works best for your company and audience may take a little trial and error to figure out, but once you tap into what makes them tick, you’ll be well on your way.
Bonus: Download a free guide that reveals how to increase social media engagement with better audience research, sharper customer targeting, and Hootsuite’s easy-to-use social media software.

4. Be authentic

Remember when you asked your mom how to make friends in school and she told you to just be yourself? Well, she was right. When your creative team taps into their own genuine interests, magical things can happen. Once you strip away the business lingo, you can relate to your audience through shared experience and connect with them as you would a friend.
That’s why it’s essential to have a vibrant, engaged creative team with a multitude of interests. For example, Hootsuite’s creative team loves the HBO series, Game of Thrones. By tapping into this authentic interest, the team was able to create a wildly successful bit of media content by reimagining the Game of Thrones title sequence with social networks as the houses.
The video has been viewed over 900,000 times and was featured in TimeAdAgeFast Company, and Mashable. If you want to get clicks without resorting to clickbait, foster a supportive workplace environment that encourages creativity, individuality, and taking risks.
When your team can freely express ideas from a place of authenticity, shareable content will follow.

5. Revise, revise, revise  

Just because a headline seems casually clever, doesn’t mean it was arrived at by quick wit. Great editors often painstakingly revise headlines down to a science. A muddle of keywords transforms into an effective high-converting marketing beast machine when attacked by a thoughtful copywriter.
You may be on a deadline, but that little bit of extra care you take to craft a headline can pay off big time if inspiration strikes and you come up with a great one.
Your headline is your first point of connection with your audience, so you better make it a good one. If you need a little help getting started on your headline, you can take a spin on this nifty headline generator tool.
Remember, you don’t need to stoop to clickbait to get clicks. Slow and steady wins the race.